Senatethe President of the United States negotiates treaties with foreign nations, but treaties enter into force only if ratified by two-thirds of the Senate.
It served as the breeding ground for the modern structure of security and intelligence, and for the postwar balance of power that formed the framework for the Cold War. Weapons, materiel, and actual combat, though vital to the Allies' victory over the Axis, did not alone win the war.
To a great extent, victory was forged in the work of British and American intelligence services, who ultimately overcame their foes' efforts. Underlying the war of guns and planes was a war of ideas, images, words, and impressions—intangible artifacts of civilization that yielded enormous tangible impact for the peoples of Europeeast Asiaand other regions of the world.
The name "Axis," a reference to the straight geographic line between the capital cities of Rome and Berlincame from a pact signed by Germany and Italy into which Japan became a signatory in Ultimately a number of other nations would, either willingly or unwillingly, throw in their lot with the Axis, but Germany and Japan remained the principal powers in this alliance.
Although the roots of the conflict lay before the s, hostilities officially began with the German invasion of Poland on September 1,and ended with the Japanese surrender to the United States six years and one day later.
The war can be divided into three phases: Over those six years, armies, navies, air units, guerrilla forces, and clandestine units would fight across millions of square miles of sea and land, from Norway 's North Cape to the Solomon Islandsand from Iran to Alaska.
The war would include more than a dozen significant theatres in western Europe, the north Atlantic, Italy, eastern and southern Europe, RussiaNorth Africa, China, southern Asia, Southeast Asiaand the Pacific islands. There were even extremely limited engagements—mostly at the level of diplomacy, espionage, or propaganda—in South America and southern Africa.
World War II and its attendant atrocities would exact an unparalleled human toll, estimated at 50 million military and civilian lives lost. Combat deaths alone add up to about 19 million, with the largest share of this accounted for by 10 million Soviet, 3. The United States lost about , and the United Kingdom someAdolf Hitler and the Nazis killed another Another 3 million Soviet prisoners of waralong with smaller numbers of Gypsies, homosexuals, handicapped persons, political prisoners, and other civilians rounded out the total.
Principal among the Nazi executioners was the SS, led by Heinrich Himmlerwhich operated a network of slave-labor and extermination camps throughout central and eastern Europe.
About 14 million civilian deaths have been attributed to the Japanese. They imposed a system of forced labor on the peoples of the region they dubbed the "Greater East Asia Co-Prosperity Sphere," and literally worked millions of civilians and prisoners of war POWs to death in their camps.
The Japanese also conducted massacres of civilians that rivaled those undertaken by the Nazis in Russia. Soviet non-combat atrocities accounted for another 7 million deaths. Victims included members of deported nationalities, sent eastward to prevent collaboration with the Nazis; murdered German POWs; returning Soviet POWs killed because of their exposure to the West; and other campaigns of genocide conducted by Soviet dictator Josef Stalin.
World War II served as a watershed between the multi-polar world of the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, and the bipolar world of the Cold War. It ended the military dominance of European powers, but also ushered in an era in which Europe, heavily aided in its recovery by the United States so as to avoid another European war, became a major economic power.The alliance between the United States and the Soviet Union during World War II developed out of necessity, and out of a shared realization that each country needed the other to defeat one of the most dangerous and destructive forces of the twentieth century.
Following World War II, the threat of communist expansion led the United States to take diplomatic, military, and economic actions to limit the .
Which statement summarizes actions taken by the United States in the years immediately following World War II? The United States used its status as a superpower to balance the influence of the Soviet Union.
Mar 10, · Watch video · On April 29, , the National World War II Memorial opens in Washington, D.C., to thousands of visitors, providing overdue recognition for the 16 million U.S.
men and women who served in the war. One of the most controversial actions taken by the United States government during World War II was the early relocation of about , people of Japanese ancestry living on the West Coast and their internment for much of the duration of the war in well-guarded, isolated camps farther into the U.
S. interior. United States Foreign Policies Toward Genocide and Crimes Against HumanitySince World War II, many instances of genocide have been alleged to have occurred in all regions of the world.
Source for information on United States Foreign Policies Toward Genocide and Crimes Against Humanity: Encyclopedia of Genocide and Crimes Against Humanity dictionary.