His family was respectable, but of limited means, so that the early education of Columbus was defective. Up to his arrival in Spain only one date has been preserved.
Visit Website Christopher Columbus: Early Life Christopher Columbus, the son of a wool merchant, was born in Genoa, Italy, in about When he was still a teenager, he got a job on a merchant ship.
He remained at sea untilwhen French privateers attacked his ship as it sailed north along the Portuguese coast. The boat sank, but the young Columbus floated to shore on a scrap of wood and made his way to Lisbon, where he studied mathematics, astronomy, cartography and navigation.
He also began to hatch the plan that would change the world forever. The First Voyage At the end of the 15th century, it was nearly impossible to reach Asia from Europe by land. The route was long and arduous, and encounters with hostile armies were difficult to avoid. Portuguese explorers solved this problem by taking to the sea: But Columbus had a different idea: Why not sail west across the Atlantic instead of around the massive African continent?
He argued incorrectly that the circumference of the Earth was much smaller than his contemporaries believed it was; accordingly, he believed that the journey by boat from Europe to Asia should be not only possible but comparatively easy. He presented his plan to officials in Portugal and England, but it was not until that he found a sympathetic audience: Columbus wanted fame and fortune.
Ferdinand and Isabella wanted the same, along with the opportunity to export Catholicism to lands across the globe. Columbus, a devout Catholic, was equally enthusiastic about this possibility. On October 12, the ships made landfall—not in Asia, as Columbus assumed, but on one of the Bahamian islands.
In Marchleaving 40 men behind in a makeshift settlement on Hispaniola present-day Haiti and the Dominican Republiche returned to Spain. Then he headed west, with his own complement of native slaves, to continue his mostly fruitless search for gold and other goods. In lieu of the material riches he had promised the Spanish monarchs, he sent some slaves to Queen Isabella.
In MayColumbus sailed west across the Atlantic for the third time. Conditions were so bad that Spanish authorities had to send a new governor to take over.
Main Columbus Page. Columbus' Journal. Letter To The Queen. List Of Persons Who Sailed With Columbus. Care to express an opinion on a current or past historical event? Christopher Columbus, Italian Cristoforo Colombo, Spanish Cristóbal Colón, (born between August 26 and October 31?, , Genoa [Italy]—died May 20, , Valladolid, Spain), master navigator and admiral whose four transatlantic voyages (–93, –96, –, and –04) opened the way for European exploration, exploitation, and colonization of the Americas. Arawak men and women, naked, tawny, and full of wonder, emerged from their villages onto the island's beaches and swam out to get a closer look at the strange big boat.
Christopher Columbus was arrested and returned to Spain in chains. Incleared of the most serious charges but stripped of his noble titles, the aging Columbus persuaded the Spanish king to pay for one last trip across the Atlantic.
This time, Columbus made it all the way to Panama—just miles from the Pacific Ocean—where he had to abandon two of his four ships in the face of an attack from hostile natives.
Empty-handed, the elderly explorer returned to Spain, where he died in However, his journey kicked off centuries of exploration and exploitation on the American continents.
The consequences of his explorations were severe for the native populations of the areas he and the conquistadores conquered. Disease and environmental changes resulted in the destruction of the majority of the native population over time, while Europeans continued to extract natural resources from these territories.The Muscogee County School District is handling a third incident within a week at high schools after a threat was made to students at Northside High .
(Italian CRISTOFORO COLOMBO; Spanish CRISTOVAL COLON.). Born at Genoa, or on Genoese territory, probably ; died at Valladolid, Spain, 20 May His family was respectable, but of limited means, so that the early education of Columbus was defective.
Up to his arrival in Spain () only one date has been preserved. His son . Main Columbus Page. Columbus' Journal. Letter To The Queen. List Of Persons Who Sailed With Columbus. Care to express an opinion on a current or past historical event? Although Columbus was a successful merchant and sailing master in Portugal, he seems to have had a personal drive for fame and fortune, and most importantly, a fervent belief in his scheme to reach rich trading grounds in China by sailing west over the "Ocean Sea".
In , a Spanish-based transatlantic maritime expedition led by Christopher Columbus encountered the Americas, continents which were largely unknown in Europe and outside the Old World political and economic system.
The four voyages of Columbus began the Spanish colonization of the Americas.. For a very long amount of time, it was believed that Columbus . Christopher Columbus is one of the world's most famous explorers.
You'll learn about when and where he was born, his early life, his family, and how he came to be an explorer.