Its five headstreams—the Bhagirathithe Alaknanda, the Mandakini, the Dhauliganga, and the Pindar—all rise in the mountainous region of northern Uttarakhand state.
Bhagirathi River at Gangotri. Devprayagconfluence of Alaknanda right and Bhagirathi left rivers, beginning of the Ganges proper. The headstreams and rivers are labelled in italics; the heights of the mountains, lakes, and towns are displayed in parentheses in metres.
The main stream of the Ganges begins at the confluence of the Bhagirathi and Alaknanda rivers in the town of Devprayag in the Garhwal division of the Indian state of Uttarakhand. The Bhagirathi is considered to be the source in Hindu culture and mythology, although the Alaknanda is longer, and, therefore, hydrologically the source stream.
The five confluences, known as the Panch Prayagare all along the Alaknanda.
They are, in downstream order, Vishnuprayagwhere the Dhauliganga joins the Alaknanda; Nandprayagwhere the Nandakini joins; Karnaprayagwhere the Pindar joins, Rudraprayagwhere the Mandakini joins; and finally, Devprayagwhere the Bhagirathi joins the Alaknanda to form the Ganges River proper.
These rise from semi arid areas and do not carry much water. After the Tamsa the Gomti River joins, flowing south from the Himalayas. Just before the border with Bangladesh the Farakka Barrage controls the flow of the Ganges, diverting some of the water into a feeder canal linked to the Hooghly for the purpose of keeping it relatively silt-free.
The Information about ganga river in hindi River is formed by the confluence of the Bhagirathi River and Jalangi River at Nabadwipand Hooghly has a number of tributaries of its own.
After entering Bangladeshthe main branch of the Ganges is known as the Padma. The Padma is joined by the Jamuna Riverthe largest distributary of the Brahmaputra.
Catchment region of the Ganga The hydrology of the Ganges River is very complicated, especially in the Ganges Delta region. The river Ganges at Kolkatawith Howrah Bridge in the background Lower Ganges in Lakshmipur, Bangladesh The name Ganges is used for the river between the confluence of the Bhagirathi and Alaknanda rivers, in the Himalayas, and the India-Bangladesh border, near the Farakka Barrage and the first bifurcation of the river.
A significant portion of the discharge from the Ganges comes from the Himalayan mountain system. This section of the Himalaya contains 9 of the 14 highest peaks in the world over 8,m in height, including Mount Everest which is the high point of the Ganges basin.
Frequently, discharge is described for the mouth of the Meghna River, thus combining the Ganges with the Brahmaputra and Meghna. It is one of the key sites for measuring streamflow and discharge on the lower Ganges. Consequently, streamflow in the Ganges is highly seasonal. The average dry season to monsoon discharge ratio is about 1: This strong seasonal variation underlies many problems of land and water resource development in the region.
Bangladesh, in particular, frequently experiences drought during the dry season and regularly suffers extreme floods during the monsoon. The two largest rivers, the Ganges and Brahmaputraboth split into distributary channels, the largest of which merge with other large rivers before themselves joining.
This current channel pattern was not always the case. Over time the rivers in Ganges Delta have changed coursesometimes altering the network of channels in significant ways. Before the late 12th century the Bhagirathi-Hooghly distributary was the main channel of the Ganges and the Padma was only a minor spill-channel.
The main flow of the river reached the sea not via the modern Hooghly River but rather by the Adi Ganga. Between the 12th and 16th centuries the Bhagirathi-Hooghly and Padma channels were more or less equally significant. After the 16th century the Padma grew to become the main channel of the Ganges.
By the end of the 18th century the Padma had become the main distributary of the Ganges. The present confluence of the Ganges and Meghna formed about years ago. In there was a great flood on the Teesta Riverwhich at the time was a tributary of the Ganges-Padma River.
The flood of caused the Teesta to undergo a sudden change course an avulsionshifting east to join the Brahmaputra and causing the Brahmaputra to shift its course south, cutting a new channel.
This new main channel of the Brahmaputra is called the Jamuna River. It flows south to join the Ganges-Padma. Since ancient times the main flow of the Brahmaputra was more easterly, passing by the city of Mymensingh and joining the Meghna River.
Today this channel is a small distributary but retains the name Brahmaputra, sometimes Old Brahmaputra. Near the confluence is a major early historic site called Wari-Bateshwar.river yamuna Information River Yamuna (यमुना), with a total length of around 1, kilometers ( mi), is the largest tributary of the Ganges River Ganga गगां in northern India.
Yamuna is considered the most sacred among all . The Ganges River begins in the Himalayas' Gangotri Glacier and by the time it reaches its mouth it is the world's third largest river by discharge. In Hinduism the Ganges River is the most sacred river, and is worshipped as the Goddess Ganga.
The Ganges River drains an area of , square miles, and by it was the 5 th most polluted. The sacred river to Hindus 'Ganga' holds a special place for the Indian.
Ganga is considered as the most holy and sacred rivers in India. This river is worshipped, with a belief that Goddess Ganga. Detailed information about Ganga River, Gangotri Glacier, and Bhagirathi River is provided. Details about the first temple on the banks of Ganga and traditional resort of pilgrims are given.
Get information on Gomukh, the Ganges River Dolphin, the delta, the map, Dams on the Ganga, etc.
The Ganges flows only km through the Himalayas. The river touches plain land in the Rishikesh region near Haridwar in alphabetnyc.com it passes through the towns of Kanpur, Soron, Kannauj, Allahabad, Varanasi, Patna, Ghazipur, Bhagalpur, Mirzapur, Ballia, Buxar, Saidpur, and Chunar.
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